Google Site Search
Nutritionist Schools By State

Nutritional, Spiritual, and Planetary Guidelines of the Macrobiotic Diet

“Being macrobiotic is basically about eating local, organic, seasonal food that isn't processed, and that's how I eat now, so it's not that different. I haven't eaten meat for about fifteen years. I eat fish, a little bit of dairy -- not much milk -- but I love cheese. We'll make chocolate chip cookies and I eat them, but sugar makes me feel pretty bad. I have coffee and wine. I've got lots of lovely vices." - Gwyneth Paltrow

Find Nutrition Related Degrees Programs

What are the origins of the Macrobiotic Diet?

The earliest recorded use of the term macrobiotics was found in the Greek writings of Philosophers such as Hippocrates, who was also known as the father of Western medicine. In his essay “Airs, Waters, and Places,” Hippocrates introduced the word macrobiotics to describe people who were healthy and long-lived. Translated from Greek roots, macro means “large” or “great” and bios means “life.” Other classical Greek writers, such as Aristotle, used the term macrobiotics to describe a lifestyle that incorporates a simple balanced diet and promotes health and longevity.

Nearly a century later, the term macrobiotics experienced another revival, this time originating in the country of Japan. Two educators, Sagen Ishizuka, M.D., and Yukikazu Sakurazawa, cured themselves of serious illnesses by adopting a simple diet of brown rice, miso soup, sea vegetables, and other traditional foods. These two men spent several years studying and combining traditional Oriental medicine, Eastern philosophy and a holistic approach. In the 1920’s Sakurazawa traveled to Paris. He adopted a new name, George Ohsawa, and applied the term Macrobiotics to his teachings. The diet Ohsawa originally recommended included ten progressively restrictive stages. The last stage of Ohsawa's macrobiotic diet consisted of only brown rice and water. Due to the extreme limitations, nutritionists, no longer recommend Ohsawa’s version of the macrobiotic diet.

Michio Kushi, a student of Ohsawa revised the macrobiotic theory. His life’s work has been to adapt the macrobiotic diet to modern tastes while still retaining its integrity. In 1978, Kushi and his wife Aveline opened the Kushi institute located in Boston. Together he and his wife, Aveline, have published many books, most recently, “The Macrobiotic Way.” The Kushi’s have been largely responsible for popularizing the macrobiotic diet in North America. Some of the stars that have adopted the macrobiotic diet are Gwyneth Paltrow, Madonna, Demi Moore, Pamela Anderson, and most recently, Courtney Love.

What interests people about The Macrobiotic Diet?

The people typically interested in the macrobiotic diet are looking for a healthy way to eat that integrates physical, spiritual, and planetary health.

The macrobiotic diet is a predominantly vegetarian diet. It highlights whole grains and vegetables, with an emphasis on low-fat, and high fiber foods. In addition, the macrobiotic diet is rich in phytoestrogens, a diverse group of naturally occurring non-steroidal plant compounds from soy products.

Low-fat, high fiber diets have often been recommended for cancer and other chronic diseases. Like the original founders of the macrobiotic diet, many have used this method in hopes of curing serious illnesses. The phytoestrogen content of the diet has been thought to be protective and reduce the risk of estrogen-related cancers. However, there is no solid proof linking the macrobiotic diet to cancer prevention and treatment. More research is needed and people with serious medical conditions should always seek proper medical care.

The Macrobiotic Diet consists of the following?

Basically: Macrobiotics promotes the use of traditional foods such as whole grains, beans, and locally grown vegetables. In addition to these, the diet includes soy foods, mineral-rich sea vegetables, and certain types of fish. In the macrobiotic diet, moderate amounts of white-meat fish and shellfish are substituted for red meat and poultry. Sea salt, and natural grain sweeteners like rice syrup and barley malt, replace the refined salt and sugar that are commonly consumed in a typical western diet.

Technically: 50 to 60% of diet = whole grain and whole grain products. Whole grains include whole-wheat berries, barley, millet, rye, brown rice, corn, buckwheat, and other whole grains. Bread, baked goods, Rolled oats, noodles, pasta, and other flour products can be eaten occasionally.

5 to 10% of diet = One to two cups or bowls of soup per day. Miso and shoyu, which are made from fermented soybeans, are commonly used soups.

20 to 30% of diet = locally grown (and organically grown if possible) vegetables. Up to one-third of the total vegetable intake can be raw. Otherwise, vegetables should be sautéed, steamed, boiled, or baked.

5 to 10% of diet = beans and sea vegetables. This includes bean products such as tofu, tempeh, natto, or cooked beans.

5% of diet = condiments, and supplementary foods, including beverages, fish and desserts.

Suggested Food Guidelines:

Animal products. Some fish or seafood is typically consumed several times per week. Meat, eggs, dairy and poultry are usually avoided. Fish or seafood may be eaten with compliments of; horseradish, wasabi, ginger, mustard, or grated daikon to help the body detoxify from the effects.

Seeds and nuts may be consumed in moderation. Seeds and nuts, if salted or roasted should use sea salt or shoyu.

Local fruit can be consumed several times per week. Suggestions include apricots, grapes, berries, apples, pears, peaches, melons, and other fruit. Tropical fruit such as pineapple, papaya and mango, is usually avoided.

Desserts are permitted approximately two to three times per week. Natural sweeteners such as rice syrup, barley malt, and amazake can be used. Honey, sugar, molasses, carob, chocolate and other sweeteners are avoided.

Cooking oil is typically unrefined vegetable oil. One of the most common oils used is dark sesame oil. Other oils that are recommended are corn oil, light sesame oil, and mustard seed oil.

Condiments and seasonings include natural sea salt, shoyu, brown rice vinegar, umeboshi vinegar, umeboshi plums, grated ginger root, fermented pickles, gomashio (roasted sesame seeds), roasted seaweed, and sliced scallions.

Diet guidelines are generally individualized based on outside factors such as; climate, season, age, gender, activity, and health needs.

What are the Spiritual Guidelines of the Macrobiotic Diet?

Ying and Yang

Everything in the universe is constantly changing. Each day we experience the result of unceasing motion as night changes to day, activity changes to rest, youth changes to old age, life changes to death and death changes to rebirth. An understanding of these changes that govern the natural environment, and recognition of the interrelationship between opposite yet complementary patterns within these changes, helps us to achieve a harmonious balance in our physical bodies minds and souls. This is the general concept behind Ying and Yang

The principle of ying and yang is the philosophical basis of the macrobiotic diet. The ways to practice these universal principles were taught by respected prophets such as; Confucius, Jesus, Moses, Buddha, Muhammad, and Lao Tzu. They believed that to understand this simple principle, and then to live its basic laws, is the perfect way to perfect health and a long life. Macrobiotics focuses on the dynamics of ying and yang in daily life.

In more simplistic terms, Ying is expansive, cool, moistening, light and upward growing. Yang is contractive, warm, drying, compact and downward growing. Macrobiotic cooking and eating incorporates the concepts of the ever-moving relationship between these opposite energies. The idea is to balance these opposing energies: hard with soft, opening with contracting, expansive with inward. In the macrobiotic diet, Ying is cold while Yang is hot. Ying is sweeter while Yang is salty. Ohsawa’s macrobiotic diet theory incorporates the perfect balance between Ying and Yang in food sources.

The Macrobiotic Diet and Planetary Growth

Beyond the question of individual and dietary needs, there is the larger problem of food shortage and world hunger. The heavy drain on the world’s energy and natural resources points to the need for a wide-scale re-evaluation of our attitudes toward, and dependence upon animal proteins as staples in our diets. In modern practice, whole foods are often refined and altered into relatively less nutritious products. An average fast-food meal is a perfect example. To produce the beef from which a hamburger is made, it takes nearly 10 pounds of grain; it takes thirty ears of corn to produce the oil for French fries; to make a milk shake it takes four pounds of soy beans and a half-quart of milk; more than one pound of beets is needed to produce enough sugar to sweeten a dessert. “Diet for a Small Planet” (Ballantine 1992) points out that North Americans, who make up 7% of the world’s population, consume more then 30% of the world’s animal foods. She argues that producing meat to supply humans with protein is grossly inefficient. Furthermore vast acreage of land presently used to raise livestock could feed up to twenty times more people if planted with food crops instead.

Dietician Degree Schools

Refine School Matches
Hide filters
  • SUBJECT Clear All

    See More


    See More



    Please enter valid US or Canada Zip.
            Results open in new window

            Searching Searching ...

            Matching School Ads
            Master of Science in Nutrition Education

            At American University, our smart, passionate and engaged students and faculty focus their knowledge to create meaningful change. Our strengths in international service and public affairs inspire our sense of social responsibility and a dedication to cultural and intellectual diversity. We’re defined by our global perspective, practical idealism and a dedication to public service.


            American University is a private, college-centered research university located in the nation’s capital. It was chartered by the United States Congress in 1893 to build public service, and is now home to a prestigious faculty, guest speakers and visiting world leaders who are influential practitioners and prominent thought leaders.

            • Online Courses
            B.S. in Sports Management
            • Ready to earn your business degree? If you identify with at least one of the statements below, GCU could be a good fit for you!
            • I have worked in the business field for a number of years and want to further my education in order to qualify for promotions, leadership positions, and salary increases.
            • I am graduating from high school and am interested in pursuing a career in a business field, but I first need the skills experience.
            • I am interested in a Bachelor's, Master's or Doctoral degree in my specialized business area of focus.
            • I want flexible course offerings, such as the option of 100% online, evening or campus classes.
            • I need a university that provides quality educational offerings through academic excellence and real-world relevance. Does this sound like you? Apply today!
            • Accredited
            • Online Courses
            • Flexible Scheduling
            • Accelerated Programs
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            MS in Sport Management - Tourism :Thesis
            • Liberty University's online programs ranked in the top 5 of more than 2,100 online colleges and universities for academic quality, affordability, and accessibility*
            • 100% online programs at associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral level**
            • No standardized testing if you meet admission requirements
            • Transfer up to 90 credits into an undergraduate degree program
            • Up to 50% of your master’s degree can be transferred in to help you get the most out of your hard work and maximize the credit you previously earned
            Show more [+]
            • Accredited
            • Online Courses
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Health & Fitness Trainer
            Platt College , Anaheim
            • A Los Angeles-based private college offering programs in medical sciences, legal studies, and graphic design since 1985.
            • Has weekend programs, including certified  veterinary technology, nurse assistant, and hemodialysis technician.
            • Showcases visual communication students’ artwork and design through campus magazine.
            • 3 campuses in Southern California.
            • Accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC).
            Show more [+]
            • Accredited
            • Flexible Scheduling
            • Accelerated Programs
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Personal Fitness Trainer/Health and Wellness Professional Program
            • Offers training in various types of massage therapy, physical therapy/sports rehab, and personal fitness training & wellness.
            • Teaches in an environment that promotes learning and encourages empathetic and compassionate therapists.
            • Career service professionals work directly with students from the start of their program, and help them pursue employment in day spas, luxury hotels, cruise ships, and other locations.
            • Students can work in the SOCHI Massage Clinic to gain experience and build their career skills.
            • Financial aid representatives help students develop a personalized financial plan to finance their tuition.
            Show more [+]
            • Financial Aid
            Sports Management - Doctor of Education
            • Northcentral University was founded in 1996 to provide working professionals around the world with unprecedented access to richly engaging, professionally relevant, and academically-rigorous education from a U.S. university.
            • As a regionally accredited, private, online and graduate-focused university, NCU offers doctoral, master’s and bachelor’s degrees in business, technology management, education, and psychology, as well as doctoral and master’s degrees in marriage and family therapy.
            • Online Courses
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Sports Marketing and Media, Bachelor of Science
            • Full Sail University offers online degree programs that are designed for the world of entertainment, media, arts, and technology. Full Sail's approach is centered on real-world industry experience and creative problem solving.
            • Full Sail uses the experience and knowledge gained from more than three decades of educational innovation to create an unparalleled online education experience that challenges and inspires our students.
            • Learning at Full Sail has always centered around interaction and the exchange of ideas, and our online curriculum fully embraces this philosophy with the aim of being the most people-focused education experience on the web.
            • Through Full Sail’s multitude of online program offerings, students get: One-click access to instructors, Powerful collaborative tools, Interactive learning environments and Innovative curriculum.
            • Full Sail's newest program is the Dan Patrick School of Sportscasting. Developed in collaboration with sportscasting veteran Dan Patrick, the goal is to provide students with real world experience both behind and in fornt of the camera.
            Show more [+]
            • Online Courses
            Ph.D. in Psychology - Health Psychology
            • Impact your world with a degree from Walden. Start today!
            • Walden degree and certificate programs are designed for working professionals. Click for more information.
            • Receive personal attention from advisors in enrollment, financial aid, academics, and other support services to make the most of your online program.
            • Study worry-free knowing you have 24/7 access to Walden technical support.
            • Convenient start dates throughout the year
            • Online Courses
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            Sport-Exercise Psychology (MA)
            • Designated as a 2015 Military Friendly® School by Victory Media, publishers of G.I. Jobs®.
            • Each program is designed to instill the knowledge, ethical values, and interpersonal skills of professional practice and to foster values of social responsibility.
            • Offers several flexible learning options, including a blended format that combines campus and online learning.
            • Several scholarship opportunities are available for students who qualify.
            • Features a competency-based MBA program that allows students to test out of subjects based on prior professional experience.
            Show more [+]
            • Flexible Scheduling
            • Financial Aid
            • Transferable Credits
            • Education Connection is a 100% Free College Matching Service used by 50,000 People Daily.
            • Get Matched to the Right Business Administration and Management, Accounting, Healthcare Administration, Marketing and Entrepreneurship Degree Program for YOU.
            • Affordable and Flexible Business Degree Programs from Top Colleges Across the Nation. Both Online And Campus!
            • Just Fill Out a Few Questions and You Can Find Your Perfect Business Degree Program Within Minutes.
            • Start Using our Fast, Free, and Easy Matching Service Right HERE and Right NOW!
            • Online Courses